Writing

How to Structure an Essay Correctly

When checking how students cope with a task, the teacher must pay attention to the relevance, hypotheses, and theses and make sure they are arranged in a certain order. As such, it is important to understand how to come up with the right essay structure.

What is the structure of an essay?

The structure of a paper involves the presentation of a thesis at the beginning, as well as evidence with arguments in the form of logical statements, quotations, or statements of relevant facts.
The essay consists of the following elements:

  • Title. It must accurately reflect the essence of what is written.
  • Introduction. Here, it is necessary to substantiate the importance of consideration of the issues chosen by the student to put forward the main hypothesis. A hypothesis is an assumption that will be confirmed or refuted. If you present the opinion of a certain scientist or a group of people with whom you do not agree, then this hypothesis is refuted. The self-formed idea, as a rule, must be confirmed. If the essay is small, you do not need to write the word “introduction.”
  • Main part. It is easy to write the structure of an essay on your own if it is small. A new paragraph presents theses and arguments. Large texts are best divided into subheadings highlighted in bold. First, put the thesis forward, and then write several arguments for it. When you prove the thesis, move to the next one.
  • The author decides for himself or herself how many theses are needed to prove. The number of arguments should not be less than two or three. A large number will overload the research, and a smaller number is frivolous for a good essay.

Theses are substantiated by:

  1. Personal experience and stories from the lives of other people, both loved ones and from the biographies of celebrities.
  2. Phenomena that everyone can observe.
  3. Facts transmitted without distortion or manipulation.
  4. Quotes from famous scientists, politicians, writers, and artists.
  5. Historical events, which are complemented by the analysis of their essence, causes, and consequences.
  6. Excerpts from laws that are current or outdated (if we are talking about law essays).

All evidence smoothly leads the reader to prove or disprove the hypothesis. Therefore, it is important to build the essay writing structure in the correct logical order.

  • Conclusion. The rules of composing a good essay structure suggest the need for a brief summary, where the last paragraph is devoted to it, so you have proved the assumption made earlier. It is permissible to draw a conclusion on a separate page if it is a large text. Otherwise, just start the conclusion with a new paragraph.
  • List of sources. Sometimes the essay contains links to quotes from books, data from official resources. They must be issued as a complete list of references. All borrowed data or citations must be referenced. To do this, use the corresponding menu item of the text editor. Sources are presented as they appear or in alphabetical order. When using alphabetical order, first place the laws, then the works of domestic authors, with the first letters of surnames or titles, then the works of foreign scientists, and then Internet resources.
  • Appendices. The essay structures do not provide for the format of appendices. These are materials that help to better understand the essence of the evidence.

How many paragraphs should an essay be? Let’s consider in detail

Not meeting the plan is one of the most common mistakes and the main reason for getting a low grade. Let’s figure out how many paragraphs a student is to include in an essay in order to get a high grade.

Introduction

The introduction comprises a brief summary of the contents of the essay. In the introduction, the task of the essay writer is to tell the reader what the essay is about. This can be done by paraphrasing the title of the essay or thesis (if any) or by asking rhetorical questions. The first option is used more often. Usually, the introduction consists of two or three sentences.

  • Read the selected statement carefully.
  • Determine what are the opposing views on this problem.
  • Write sentences according to the following plan: In two sentences, present general information and the topic relevance. One sentence is the first point of view, and the other sentence is the second point of view.

Main body

In the second paragraph, write your opinion and defend it with two or three arguments. To do this, divide a sheet of paper into two columns: pros and cons. Write in one column all the pros that come to mind. In the second column, write down any arguments against the opinion. Evaluate what happened and take your opinion as a point of view that you can substantiate. If you have come up with less than three arguments “for,” do not waste time on coming up with the rest – take an opinion that you can justify with three or four arguments.

Present the opposite opinion in the third paragraph.

In the fourth paragraph, you need to be sure to express your disagreement with the point of view in the third paragraph

Conclusion

According to the essay framework, the fifth paragraph is the conclusion. In the conclusion, it is necessary to summarize everything. It contains two or three sentences and is the shortest part.
For the conclusion, you do not need to:

  • Present new information and come up with new arguments.
  • Defend the opposite opinion.

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